24 juin 2021 – Les budgets en perspective : approches quantitatives et comparaisons internationales. 17h00-19h30

Lieu: salle Vauban V 4064 Est 1 Mixte, Bercy, 139 rue de Bercy, Paris 12e et par visioconférence.

Inscription préalable requise (nombre de places limité ; une pièce d’identité vous sera demandée à l’entrée). La séance se déroulera en anglais.

Dans cette nouvelle séance consacrée au financement des politiques sectorielles par les États, le GRAB propose un double déplacement : de la France vers les expériences étrangères (États-Unis, Slovaquie), et des méthodes qualitatives – qu’elles viennent du droit, de l’histoire, de la sociologie ou de la science politique – vers les méthodes quantitatives et économétriques. L’enjeu de ces échanges est de réfléchir aux apports des différents types de méthodologie pour appréhender les choix budgétaires, en étant attentif aux points de convergence, à la complémentarité, mais aussi aux possibles controverses. Il s’agit également d’étudier les conditions de possibilité d’une approche comparée de la construction des budgets et des circuits de la dépense.

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In this new session devoted to the financing of sectoral policies by States, GRAB proposes a double shift: from France to foreign experiences (United States, Slovakia), and from qualitative methods – whether from law, history, sociology or political science – to quantitative and econometric ones. The aim of these exchanges is to reflect on the contributions of the different types of methodology to understanding budgetary choices, while paying attention to points of convergence and complementarity, but also to possible controversies. We will also discuss the conditions for a comparative approach to the construction of budgets and expenditure channels.

« Interests and Governors In Public Budgeting » , Christian Breunig, Konstanz Universität, Germany.

How do executives and interest groups interact in budget politics? While the executive are the strongest actors in the budgetary process, they are constrained by the opportunities that interest groups provide to them. Interest groups call attention to issues and provide political pay-offs for budgetary change. Skilled policymakers navigate three available political opportunity structures: 1) Capture in which an interest group dominates in a policy domain; 2) Deadlock in which many powerful groups offer consistent competition over policy outputs; and 3) Lability in which interest group competition is transient. In each year the executive has to make budget choices based on their judgement of these three budget environments. These dynamics are explored using budgetary data from the 50 American states from 1980 to 2010.

Christian Breunig is a Professor of Comparative Politics at the Department of Politics & Public Administration at the University of Konstanz. Before coming to Konstanz, he held positions at the University of Toronto, the Max-Planck Institute for the Study of Societies and the University of Washington. His research concentrates on public policy in advanced democracies, comparative political economy and budgetary politics. He is directing the German Policy Agendas project which is part of the Comparative Agendas Project. His speech will present the first elements of a book in preparation, co-authored with Chris Koski

ADOLPH Christopher, BREUNIG Christian et KOSKI Chris, “The political economy of budget trade-offs”, Journal of Public Policy,  2020, 40 (1), 25‑50.
 

« The constitution of cultural and creative industries policy in the Slovak Republic : a budgetary approach” , Katarína Vitálišová, Anna Vaňová, Kamila Borseková, Darina Rojíková, Soňa Čapková, Univerzita Mateja Bela v Banskej Bystrici, Slovaquie. 

The system of financing and financial incentives in cultural policies and creative industries in the Slovak Republic has been criticized during last years, especially in area of European Union funds spending (or better non-spending) for support of creative and cultural policies. It can be identified as a problem area that is necessary to explore and solve. In the paper, we will research a part of this problem area. The aim of the paper is to identify and evaluate the system of financing of culture and creative industries in the Slovak Republic at the national level, especially the process of ministry budget creation and funds allocations in hands of ministry of culture to the various stakeholders in the state. However, the great impact of COVID-19 epidemic on the culture and creative industries bring a lot of challenges in this sector as well as new solutions how to develop the cultural and creative industries also in Slovak Republic.

The authors are members of Department of Public Economics and Regional Development at Matej Bel University, in Slovakia. The paper is an output of common european research project (Hubert Curries Stéfanik – APVV -SK-FR-19-0009 “Financing cultural policies and creative industries -a Franco-Slovak comparison”.

 VITÁLIŠOVÁ, K., VAŇOVÁ, A., BORSEKOVÁ, K., HELIE, T. ” Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Policy of Cultural and Creative Industries of Slovakia”, SciPap 2021, 29(1), 1241.

BORSEKOVÁ, K., KORONY S., VAŇOVÁ, A., VITÁLIŠOVÁ, K., “Functionality between the size and indicators of smart cities: A research challenge with policy implications”, Cities, 2018, 78, 17-26.

Séminaire organisé avec le soutien de l’Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique, du Comité pour l’histoire économique et financière de la France, du Centre d’études des mondes moderne et contemporain (EA 2958) et du Centre de recherche Droit et territoire (EA 3312).


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